The Secundi Theodosiani (in Illyricum)

This page created 10 October 2015, and last modified: 10 October 2015


The seventh of the nine pseudocomitatenses units listed (21.30 in Ingo Maier's numbering scheme) under the Magister Militum per Illyricum is called the Secundi Theodosiani. Like the other eight pseudocomitatenses units in the same command, its shield pattern is not recorded.

Disclaimer: Remember, a lot of what comes below is speculation. Hopefully informed speculation, but speculation nonetheless. Comments welcome! (lukeuedasarson "at"

It is possible the Secundi Theodosiani is related to the next unit listed under the Magister's command: the Balistarii Theodosiani iuniores (21.31); see that unit's page for details, in which case the Secundi Theodosiani would appear to be a legionary unit. If so, the unit's full name would likely be Legio Secunda Flavia Theodosiana, since the only Theodosian legion numbered "one" is also a Flavian legion: the Prima Flavia Theodosiana (15.24) under the Magister Militum per Orientem.

However, the unit may instead be an auxiliary unit, and have nothing to do with the Balistarii Theodosiani iuniores. Indeed, in the command of the Magister Militum Praesentalis II, another unit of Secundi Theodosiani is listed, not once, but twice (12.38, 12.40), under the heading (12.22) "Auxilia palatina", so the name is definitely possible as an auxiliary-style name.


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