This page created 1 January 2003, and last modified: 3 July 2015 (AE 1996,1623 commentary and photo link added)
Above: Frontpiece from the Bodleian manuscript.
The stations depicted are:
Otthara, Euhara, Saltatha,
Latavi, Avatha, Nazala, Abira,
Casama, Calamona, Betproclis, Thelsee,
Adatha, Palmyra, Danaba.
These correspond exactly to the stations listed in the
text above the "lesser register".
The following units or detachments of units, and prefects and their units, are listed as being under the command of the Duke of Phoenecia (the numbers in front of the names refer to Ingo Maier's numbering scheme):
63.2 Equites Mauri Illyriciani, at Otthara
along with the following units from a "lesser register":
63.17 Ala prima Damascena, at Monte Iovis
The men under the Praefectus legionis tertiae Gallicae are the old Legio III Gallica, which had been stationed in Phoenicia since the second century AD; in the Notitia, however, its base is recorded as being at Danaba (near Damascus in modern Syria).
In contrast, Legio I Illyricorum seems to have been founded by Aurelian after his reconquest of Palmyra in 273 AD, in order to garrison the area with Illyrian soldiers with no local ties. Evidently, the legion was still based there when the Notitia was first compiled. However, a joint detachment of this unit together with Legio III Gallica is recorded in Egypt in 315/6 (at Coptos, ILS 8882, in Greek) and in 321 under the same commander (at Syene; see Lenksi, 2006, The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Constantine, at page 327). An inscription (AE 1996,1623; pictures here) from modern Qasr al-Azraq in Jordan, over 300 km south of Palmyra, praises the bravery of its soldiers, and also mentions the legions XI Claudia, VII Claudia, I Italica, IIII Flavia, and III Cyrenaica. Such a grouping of legionary detachments implies a major campaign indeed.
A Tetrarchic inscription (CIL 3,6726 = AE 1993,1607) from Avatha (Al-Bakhra in modern Syria) mentioning an officer of the EQ PROMOT [...] INDG confirms the stationing of the Equites promoti indigenae at this location - the Tetrarchic fort was 1.5 ha in size (see D. Genequand in Levant 36 (2004), p225-242). This inscription is the only one I am aware of mentioning a unit of Equites promoti indigenae, although Genequand reports others have been found mentioning the unit from the same site (note an Avatha is also listed as a station under the Dux Arabiae).
Below are shown the frontpieces from the Parisian manuscript, P; and the Froben printed edition, B:
And below are shown the frontpieces from the first set of pictures in the Munich manuscript, M; and the second set, W.
Note that Danaba is missing from W.
Return to the Notitia index page.