This page created 18 December 2001, and last modified: 26 July 2015 (Tzanni link added)
Frontpiece from the Bodleian manuscript (O).
The stations depicted are:
Avaxa, Sabbu, Domana, Silvanus,
Apollonaris, Melitena, Trapezunta.
The following units (or detachments of units), and prefects and their units, are listed as being under the command of the Duke of Armenia (the numbers in front of the names refer to Ingo Maier's numbering scheme):
71.2 Equites sagittarii, at Sabbu
while the following units and officers along with their men are recorded separately as being in Pontus:
71.7 Praefectus legionis primae Ponticae, at Trapezunta
and the following units are described as being from a "lesser register":
71.13 Ala prima Augusta Colonorum, at Chiaca
Note that item 71.21, the Cohors militaria Bosporiana [sic], is probably a scribal error for Cohors miliaria Bosporiana.
The Cohors Mochora could be interpreted to mean either "Cohors Mochora (location missing)", or "Cohors (name missing), at Mochora"; the latter is probably more likely since a location called Mogaro is known from the 3rd century Antonine Itinerary (205.1); and thus this was Seeck's preferred reading. M.A.Speidel (2009, 'The Development of the Roman Forces in Northeastern Anatolia', available here) interpreted this to mean the unit may have been newly created, along with Ala castello Tablariensi constituta, which also has no name, just a location: "stationed at Fort Tablariensi". Similarly, while the Ala prima pretorica nuper constituta is "newly stationed", it is not clear if "pretorica" is the unit's name or station (Note that in Seeck, OR.XXXVIII.26, this is amended to "praetoria").
The Froben version gives 71.8 and 71.9 as a single item: the ALA Rizena Dalearizae, and Seeck similarly conflated them (OR.XXXVIII.17), as the Ala Rizena (at) Aladaleariza. This is because the Antonine Itinerary gives a location (215.13) called "Olotoedariza" (and variant spellings in different manuscripts). However, all the extent Notitia primary manuscripts (as opposed to editions like the Froben version) give them as two separate items. For example the Parisian manuscript, P, reads:
In Ponto.while the Munich manuscript, M, gives:
Praefectus legionis prime pontice
trapezunta. Ala rizena. Ala
dade ariza. Ala theodosiana
apud anaxam. Ala felix theodo
In PontoLike M, the Bodleian manuscript, O, and the Vatican manuscript, V, have Ala dale ariza following Ala Rizena (Ingo Maier, personal communication). Rizena would appear to refer to ancient Rhizaion on the Black Sea coast - see Speidel, above. Speidel seems to have taken Seeck's reading for granted, and thus proposed the Ala Rizena may have been transferred inland to "Aladaleariza" not long before the Notitia was drawn up. This explanation is unnecessary if there are actually two different units involved, because then both could be still at their assigned locations. Whatever the interpretation, the station is not illustrated in the frontpiece, which only shows three Pontic stations, and not four or five.
Praefectus legionis primae ponticae
Ala dale ariza,
Ala theodosiana apud Auaxa.
Ala felix theodosiana Siluanis,
The men under the Praefectus legionis quintadecimae Apollinaris are clearly Legio XV Apollinaris Pia Fidelis, still stationed at Satala (modern Sadak, Gumushane, Turkey), where they had been the garrison since the early 2nd century (note that the frontpiece illustration gives Apollonaris as a location instead of Satala). The men under the Praefectus legionis duodecimae fulmin(at)ae are likewise Legio XII Fulminata Galliena, which was apparently stationed at Melitena (modern Malatya in Turkey) from the time of Vespasian in the 1st century, and where it is still stationed according to the Notitia.
In contrast, Legio I Pontica appears to have been a Tetrarchic creation, based in Trapezus on the Black Sea (modern Trabzon in Turkey). A detachment of this unit might (but see below) be the unit listed (102/5.90) as serving in the Magister Peditum's Italian command, as the Pontinenses. Its shield pattern is as given below:
That under O comes from the Bodleian manuscript in Oxford, that under P from the Paris manuscript, that under M from the first portion of the Munich manuscript, that under W from the second portion of the Munich manuscript, and that under B from the Froben printed edition. This is most unlikely to have been the pattern born by the detachment of Legio I Pontica stationed at Trapezus, however, even if the units are related, as units transferred to a field army from a garrison station seem to have been given new shield patterns. Further, it is far from certain that the Pontinenses is actually related to Legio I Pontica, since other derivations of the name are possible - see the Pontinenses' own page for further details. A more likely candidate for a daughter unit of Legio I Pontica is the Tzanni (18.27), a legion under the command of the Magister Militum per Thracias.
Again, this pattern is unlikely to have been that borne by the parent legion in Trapezus, as this pattern was likely given to the unit only upon joining the Thracian command.
Epigraphic evidence for Legio I Pontica comes from an inscription dated 288 from Colybrassus (near modern Alanya on Turkey's south coast) that mentions this unit; another Tetrarchic-period inscription (CIL 3, 6746) from Trapezus (modern Trabzon on the Black Sea cost of Turkey) also mentions the unit, as it reads LEG I P (images here), which can be expanded to "LEGIO I PONTICA".
Many of the units under the Dux Armeniae had been in the area since the days of Arrian (ca. 135) - the following units can be identified from his works (taken from M.A.Spiedel; see above):
Ala I Augusta (Gemina) ColonorumSome of the other units listed in the Notitia are attested epigraphically from Arrian's time even though they are not identified in his work - see Spiedel for details.
Ala (II Uplia) Auriana
Ala I Ulpia Dacorum
Ala II Gallorum
Cohors III Ulpia Petraeorum (milliaria equitata sagittaria)
Cohors IIII Raetorum (equitata)
Cohors (I) Bosporiana (milliaria equitata sagittaria)
Cohors (I) Germanorum (milliaria equitata)
Cohors Apuleia civium Romanorum
Note how in the Bodleian frontpiece shown above, the Dux' territory is divided into two portions, with the right portion corresponding to those units said to be stationed in Pontus; the left portion corresponds to the units stationed in Armenia proper. The same division is observed in the other manuscripts. Below are shown the frontpieces from the Parisian manuscript, P; and the Froben printed edition, B:
And below are shown the frontpieces from the first set of pictures in the Munich manuscript, M; and the second set, W.
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