Antigonid Successor 320 BC - 285 BC

Ag 3. Warm. WW, Rv, H(S), H(G), Wd, O, V, RGo, Rd, BUA. Demetrios except from 294 BC to 288 BC: WW
Nominal list scale: If Antigonos, 1 element equals 500 men (twice normal scale), otherwise 1 element equals 250 men (normal scale).

C-in-C - Reg Kn (F) @ 31 AP 1
Sub-general - as above 1-2
Xystophoroi - Reg Kn (F) @ 11 AP 1-4
Tarantines - Reg LH (O) @ 5 AP 1-2
Horse archers - Irr LH (F) @ 4 AP 0-2
Satrapal heavy cavalry - Irr Cv(O) @ 7 AP 1-8
Replace Satrapal heavy cavalry with Greek cavalry - all Reg Cv (O) @ 8 AP or all Reg Kn (I) @ 10 AP 0-3
Satrapal light cavalry - Irr LH (O) @ 5 AP 1-6
Elephants - Irr El (O) @ 16 AP 0-3
Macedonian archers - Reg Ps (O) @ 2 AP 0-1
Macedonian phalangites - Reg Pk (O) @ 4 AP 7-32
Greek mercenary foot - up to 1/4 Reg Sp (O) @ 5 AP, rest Reg Sp (I) @ 4 AP 16-48
Regrade Greek mercenary Reg Sp (I) if acting as Euzonoi as Reg Ax (O) @ 4 AP 0-16
Lykians, Pamphylians and similar - Irr Sp (O) @ 4 AP or Irr Ax (O) @ 3 AP 0-8
Cretans - Reg Ps (S) @ 3 AP, or if archers, Reg Ps (O) @ 2 AP 0-4
Other archers and slingers - Irr Ps (O) 2 AP 2-6
Other javelinmen - Irr Ps (S) @ 3 AP 0-6
Thracians - Irr Ax (O) @ 3 AP or Irr Ax (S) @ 4 AP 0-6
Bolt-shooters - Reg Art (O) @ 8 AP 0-2
Stone-throwers - Reg Art (S) @ 10 AP 0-2
Seige towers - Reg WWg (S) @ 14 AP 0-2
Camp defences - TF @ 1 AP 0-24

Only before 315 BC:
Warships - Reg Gal (S) @ 4 AP or (O) @ 3 AP [Macedonian phalangites] 0-3
Boats - Irr Bts (O) @ 2 AP [Ps] 0-1 per Gal

Only Antigonos before 300 BC:
Pantodapoi - Reg Pk (I) @ 3 AP 0-20
Upgrade Pantodapoi as Hypaspists - Reg Pk (O) @ 4 AP 0-1/4
Downgrade C-in-C as Phalangites - Reg Pk (O) @ 24 AP 0-1

Only after 316 BC:
Persian or other archers and slingers - Irr Ps (O) @ 2 AP 0-16
Undecked galleys - Reg Gal (F) @ 2 AP, or boats - Irr Bts (O) @ 2 AP [Ps] 0-4
Penteres and larger - Reg Gal (S) @ 4 AP [Reg Ax, Sp or Pk] 0-4
Trieres or Tetreres - Reg Gal (O) @ 3 AP [Ps, Ax, Sp] 0-8
Transports - Irr Shp (I) @ 2 AP [any] 0-10
Replace Geek mercenary foot with Greek allies - Irr Sp (O) @ 4 AP 0-4

Only after 307 BC:
Local levies - Reg Pk (I) @ 3 AP, or if Demetrios in Cyprus, Reg Sp (I) @ 4 AP or Reg Ax (O) @ 4 AP 0-32
Replace satrapal Cv with regimented horse - Reg Cv (I) @ 6 AP 0-3
Replace Trieres with light catapult towers - Irr Shp (X) @ 6 AP [Art (O), any Reg infantry] 0-2
Replace Trieres with heavy catapult towers - Irr Bts (X) @ 6 AP [Art (S)] 0-2
Upgrade boats with catapults and screens - Irr Bts (S) @ 3 AP [Ps, Art (O)] 0-2

Only Demetrios after 307 BC:
Replace all mounted other than generals with privateer vessels - Irr Bts (O) @ 2 AP [Irr Ax (I) @ 2 AP] All/0
Replace all other Irr Cv, Irr LH and local levies with allied Greeks - Reg Sp (I) @ 4 AP or Irr Sp (O) @ 4 AP All
Replace Persian Ps (O) with Greek akontistai - Irr Ps (I) @ 1 AP All
Athenian Tetreres - Reg Gal (O) @ 3 AP [0-1/2 Reg Ps (O), rest Reg Sp (I)] 0-4
Athenian, Arkadian or Achaian Greek allies: List Later Hoplite Greek (Bk 2) Up to 2 contingents

Only if invading through steep hills, the enemy has PF, or a naval landing party:
Re-arm any Hypaspists and Macedonian Phalangites as all Reg Ax (O) @ 24 AP if general, @ 4 AP otherwise Any

This list covers the armies of Antigonos One-eye and his son Demetrios the Besieger from Antigonos' appointment as the Asiatic royal commander by Antipatros until Demetrios' capture by Seleukos. It does not include Antigonos' various other subordinates which held independent commands, these being covered by the Western and Eastern Asiatic Successor lists or the Merceanry Greek list, nor Antigonos' army before 320 BC, this also being covered by the Westen Asiatic Successor list. Pirate vessels may not be used with any Greek allies other than Athenian naval vessels. Battles against any Macedonian, Successor or 4th or 3rd century Greek lists count as civil wars. Unless Art (S) deployed behind PF, each element of Art (S) or WWg (S) is replaced by two elements of Irr Hd (O) pioneers and labourers if the enemy has no PF; each element of naval (X) is replaced by the Gal (O) element it replaced.


List dates: The current list starts in 320 BC for no good reason other than all the Successor lists start then; however, as 321/0 BC is when Antigonos was given control of a portion of the Asian half of the Macedonian royal army and thus had access to a large number of Macedonian and Pantodapoi pikemen, it is happily a good date to choose. Antigonos' previous army is covered by the Western Asiatic Successor list.

Aggression: 3 is fine, since Antigonos and Demetrios each suffered one invasion, but otherwise were aggressive campaigners.

List scale: Demetrios' forces were relatively small at some stages (as few as 9000 men after Ipsos), and can be represented at normal scale, but most Antigonid armies were large, with the Egyptian invasion force of 306 BC reputedly having over 80000 men. Such large armies require a scale of 1:500. Although Demetrios had nearly 50000 men in Greece at one stage, as at least half of these were allied Greeks, many of which are here repesented as allied contingents, his armies can thus keep a 1:250 scale.

Generals: Whilst Macedonian commanders usually fought with their Companions, lesser generals sometimes commanded the foot, and Antigonos himself commanded the phalanx at Ipsos, being by then unfit to ride, so these generals may be represented as Pk.

Xystophoroi: Although Antigonos was usually well supplied with horse, his initial force in 321 BC had just 2000 horse, and Demetrios once had a force of 15000 foot and just 400 horse, hence the minima of just two elemnts in total, one of which is Xystophoroi. The greatest number of Macedonian-style cavalry attested is nearly two thousand out of approximately ten thousand (although there is a possibilty that some small number of the other were also equipped in the Macedonina manner), and so, excluding generals, no more than 4 elements are allowed in total.

Tarantines: Except for one instance the number of Tarantines is always very small (though seemingly always some were employed whenever we are given a troop break-down, so are compulsory), and so the limit is reduced. The sole exception (and why the current list allows so many) is almost certainly a textual mistake; 2200 are recorded at Paraitakeni, but it is obvious from the rest of the text that 2000 of these are actually Median longchophoroi that have been mislabelled. 150 Tarantines were ar gaza in 312 BC, and Polyainos records that Demetrius continued using Tarantines in Greece around Athens, hence they are no replaced like the eastern LH.

Horse archers: These were an important component at Paraitakeni, though apparently not numbering more than 1000 men.

Satrapal heavy cavalry: This category includes various types of horse such as Lydian, Colonist and some of the 1000 Thracians recorded at Paraitakeni, plus any Medians not specified as longchophoroi, where there about 10600 horse in total; Demetrios had 5000 horse in 314 BC, giving maximum mounted numbers all-told of somewhat over 20 elements. 10000 cavalry are reported at Ipsos.

Greek horse: 500 Greek allied cavalry was present at Paraitakeni, along with 500 mercenaries of mixed origins (pantodapoi); Demetrios gained control of Thessaly in 293 BC which would have allowed him the use of a decent number of good Thessalian horse.

Satrapal light cavalry: Large numbers, at least 2000, of Median horse are described as longchophoi (javelineers) and as being experts in wheeling and retreating, and are thus graded as LH (O) rather than Cv.

Elephants: These are not compulsory since Antigonos took a mobile force of 2000 horse and 20000 foot east in his initial campaign against Eumenes; likewise Demetrios had none in Cyprus and Rhodes. Demetrios had 43 at Gaza (3 elements at normal scale); Antogonos had 75 at Ipsos, 70 in his initial force in 319 BC and 83 for his 306 BC Egyptian campaign, again 3 elements, at twice normal scale. Although Antigonid elephants, contra the current list, did have psiloi routinely assigned to them (see Diodoros' account of Gaza in 312 BC), I am at present reluctant to grade any Successor elephants as El (S) simply because this makes them too efficient against light troops (though their effectiveness against heavy troops could actually do with boosting). Either all Hellenistic (Indian) elephants should be (S), or none should be.

Macedonian archers: Antigonos was given 8500 foot and (apparently) 1000 horse by Antipatros as the Macedonian nucleus of his comamnd; I assume the foot to be 4 taxeis of pikemen and 500 archers, since we know that the Macedonian portion of his phalanx was 8000 strong a few years later. The remaining 500 men were therefor either non-phalangites (ie. archers) or had become casualties in the meantime (perhaps even more likely).

Macedonian phalangites: The minimum number recorded is 2000 under Demetrios. Why Demetrios can't have any in the current list is beyond me - he had some 5000 in Babylon in 312 BC, and after becoming King of Macedon in 294 BC had access to even more - despite the current list's comments, he most certainly did have time to make use of the Macedonian army (6 years in fact) - indeed, the Lysimachid list notes that Lysimachos and Pyrros divided up Demetrios' elephants between them - elephants that came from the Macedonian royal army he is claimed not to have utilised! In any case, he reportedly had 8000 Macedonian foot in 302 BC.

Greek mercenary foot: Up to 4000 of these may be Ax, since Antigonos in 317 BC once selected his best (possibly Greek) "peltasts "to reinforce his light troops, and later also dispatched 4000 'pezoi euzonoi' for a mobile campaign against the Nabataean Arabs,although these, like the 'peltasts' may have been rearmed pikemen. The Sp (O) represent mercenary hoplites, and Sp (I) "Iphikratean hoplites". Over 9000 are recorded in the phalanx at Paraitakeni; Demetrios in 314 BC had some 10000 mercenaries compared to just 2000 Macedonian foot, and had reputedly 15000 merceanries of all sorts by 302 BC, the vast majority, if not all of which, were Greeks. I no longer believe mercenary foot should be allowed to be Pk, as this interpretation rests on a faulty reading of Diodoros.

Lykians, Pamphylians etc.: There were 3000 in the phalanx at Paraitakeni; Demetrios had 500 in 314 BC, and 800 Lykians and Pamphylians deserted to Antigonos from Lysimachos in 302 BC. I have allowed any proportion to be hoplites, since it is now generally agreed that hoplites shown in Lykian art are Lykians rather than Greeks, and this suits their position in the phalanx at Paraitakeni far better than assuming they are all hillmen with javelins (ie. Ax) does. (The Greek makes it unlikely they were armed as pikemen, although not ruling this out entirely). Greek allies are attested serving in various inscriptions, both naval forces and land troops, from the Ionic coastal cities; and some of Antogonos' galleys built in Rhodes had Karian crews who might substitute for these, or Greek mercenaries.

Cretans: Cretans are mentioned at Rhodes under Demetrios, and probably some served routinely, if not in over large numbers.

Other archers and slingers: These were proabably mostly Asians, but might also include Greeks. In 318, archers, slingers, and "other psiloi units" are mentioned at Byzantium.

Javelinmen: 1000 Akontistai and archers are mentioned as included amongst the psiloi with Demetrios in 312 BC, and in 318 according to Diodoros, Antigonos has archers, slingers and "other psiloi" who could only be javelinmen, and indeed Pilyainos referring to the same incident talks about the throwing of javelins by the same troops. As these are probably from places like Cilicia, Lykia, Pisidia, etc. I have graded them (S) on the assumption they have shields. I have not made these compulsory, since none are mentioned in Demetrios' 314 BC army - admittedly this is probably because the troop list might be incomplete.

Thracians: Infantry are not attested in the early period, but some are very likely, given that 1000 Thracian cavalry are recorded serving with Antigonos, and Polyainos (4.6.14) records 1000 Thracians, type unspecified, being proposed forming a detachment under Pithon, while Antigonos would almost certainly have had some serving with him even before he was appointed commander-in-chief in 321 BC. Just before Ipsos, 2000 Autariatai, Danubian Thracians, deserted from Lysimachos to Antogonos; I therefore allow 6 elements, or 3000 mens' worth.

Bolt-shooters: Bolt-shooters are noted as being deployed in Egypt in 306 BC to cover river crossings, and also to threaten Lysimachos' camp in 302 BC. On this occasion they had to be sent for, which rather implies they were not routinely deployed by field armies.

Stone-throwers: These are mentioned only at seiges, such as at Athens in 307 BC, and Rhodes in 305-4 BC.

Seige towers: Demetrios' first recorded use of mobile towers is in Cyprus in 307 BC, but there use would be possible at any time given Polyperchon using them in 318 BC and Alexander in India.

Camp defences: As with most Macedonian armies these do not seem to have been universal but were often employed. Antigonos once used what are probably best considerered field fortifications, when attempting a river crossing with boats against Eumenes, but this whole battle, involving ferries and the like, can't be simulated by the DBM rules, so I have thought best to ignore it.

Pre 315 BC Naval: Antigonos had a small fleet at Byzantium in 318 BC, including transports (seemingly small boats) filled with archers, slingers and other psiloi; the larger vessels had marines picked from the bravest of his infantry ('hypaspists'). Since he did not have any number of boats available for riverine work (the battle mentioned above was a debacle as he was attempting the crossing using a few locally-commandeered craft), I have tied these to the galleys to help prevent players using boats solely for river work, when they were part of a larger fleet. He later captured the fleet prepared by Eumenes on his way east, but almost immediately lost control of it; this is not represented as it never had a chance to cooperate with the army.

Pantodapoi: Seemingly a feature of the royal army, Antigonos had over 8000 of them by 317 BC. See my Eumenid list for why they are graded (I) and not (O). Polyainos (4.6.8) records Hypapsists in a naval battle in 318 BC, which may either be Persians from Alexander's Royal army bearing that unit title (and normally classified as Pk (O), in distinction from the pantodapoi), or 'shield-bearers' in the more general sense of the word (and here classified as Ax),

Persian archers and slingers: After the defeat of Eumenes, Antigonos gained control of at least some of Peukestas' numerous Persian archers and slingers (he had 20000 of them before his defeat). Demetrios had 400 in 314 BC, and in 312 BC had 500 such slingers, plus 1000 archers and (possibly non-Persian) javelinmen, all possibly in addition to his 43 elephants, which had the own attached psiloi. If Antigonos really had 80000 foot in 306 BC, it is possibly the archers and slingers mentioned then constituted a considerable number of these men (although Seleukos had conquered Persia by then, other Asiatic nations could substitue).

Post 316 BC naval: To remedy his lack of a fleet after defeating Eumenes, Antigonos constructed a powerful fleet, mostly in Phoenicia, in 315 BC. This included some undecked galleys, a few boats are also recorded, larger vessels included penteres up to deceres; the majority were tetreres and trieres however. Hemiolai are recorded being used by Demetrios by Polyainos in Asia. Numerous troop transports are also recorded. Although the large fleets never fought in conjunction with primarily land forces, the possibilty was most certainly there - especially in the 306 Egyptian campaign. The actual size of such a large DBM fleet is possibly best left somewhat representative however (naval battles taking up much more room than land battles) - the numbers here reflect proportions rather than absolute numbers.

Local levies: Demetrios reorganised the Cypriot military of 16000 foot and 600 horse into regiments - the cavalry are here repesented as Cv (I) - Cyprus having no great tradition of cavlry warfare, the foot could either be Greek-style hoplites (Sp (I)), Phoenician-style javelinmen (Ax (O)), or re-equipped in the Macedonian-style (as Pk(I)). If Antigonos really had over 80000 foot in 306 BC, the army must have included a large number of such similar troops.

Regimented horse: These is mostly intended to cover Cypriot horse, but could also be appplied to Greek horse of lower efficiency than that the Thessalians. Demetrios was first involved in Greece in 307 BC and built up quite a Greek following.

Ship towers: Demetrios used two of each sort at Rhodes (their large size and multiple ordonnance might seem to call for each being a single element, but possibly including escorts and other lesser craft).

Boats (S): Boats equipped with light catapults and protective screens are recorded at Rhodes - possibly copied from Ptolemy. These do not fit the definition of Bts (X), which are heavy stone throwers mounted for seige work, nor Gal (S), which must have rams and large marine contingents. Bts (S) seems by far the best category.

Privateers: Demetrios was followed by a huge pirateer flotilla at Rhodes. They included a very few somewhat larger boats, but these can be safely ignored.

Greek allies: Up to 25000 are recorded under Demetrios. Some of these would come from large cities, such as Athens, and be independent enough to qualify as allied contingents; many more would come from small cities and be more directly sub-ordinate.

Akontistai: Demetrios did not have access to Persian psiloi once in Greece, but is recorded as having up to 8000 psiloi. Most of these were likley unshielded javelinmen, either as part of separate allied contingents, or included here as akontistai.

Athenian Tetreres: 30 accompanied Demetrios to Cyprus in 307 BC. For the classification of their marines, see the Athenian list. As with the other naval elements at this date, the numbers are not directly to scale.

Rearming Macedonian foot: Given Antigonos' use of his "peltasts" to support his psiloi, it appears likely that Macedonians might still be rearmed for mountain campaigns - alternatively the job could be left to mercenaries. Certainly the Macedonians would still have done so when on engaged in seige work, or on ship-board; Demetrios is recorded as fighting both doru and longche at the naval battle in 307 BC at Cyprus. On this occasion the marines are variously recorded as shooting javelins, arrows and catapults.

This page last modified 30 June 2004.

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